A P J Abdul Kalam
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, also known as A P J Abdul Kalam was born on October 15, 1931, in Rameswaram, India. He was an Indian scientist and President who played a preeminent part in the advancement of India’s missile and nuclear weapons programs. He became president of India from 2002 till 2007.
In 1958, he joined the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) after gaining a degree in aeronautical engineering from the Madras Institute of Technology. He then moved to the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), where he was venture executive of the SLV-III, India’s first indigenously structured and produced satellite launch vehicle.
Reenlisting DRDO in 1982, Kalam directed the program that made several successful rockets, which helped earned him the epithet “Missile Man.” In 2002 India’s ruling party National Democratic Alliance (NDA) nominated APJ Abdul Kalam to supersede outgoing President Raman Narayanan.
Kalam was named by the Hindu nationalist (Hindutva) NDA despite the fact that he was Muslim, and his stature and kitschy charisma were such that even the chief opposition party, the Indian National Congress, further proposed his nomination. Kalam effectively won the political election and took the oath as India’s eleventh president, a broadly conventional post, in July 2002.
He stayed focused on utilizing science and technology to change India into a developed nation. During his term, he was warmly known as the People’s President, saying that signing the Office of Profit Bill was the hardest choice he had taken during his presidency.
A P J Abdul Kalam was condemned for his inaction in choosing the destiny of 20 out of the 21 mercy petitions submitted to him during his tenure. Article 72 of the Constitution of India empowers the President of India to concede exonerates, and suspend or drive capital punishment of convicts on death row.
Kalam followed up on just a single leniency request in his five-year residency as president, dismissing the supplication of attacker Dhananjoy Chatterjee, who was later hanged. Perhaps the most remarkable petition was from Afzal Guru, a Kashmiri terrorist who was convicted of conspiracy in the December 2001 assault on the Indian Parliament and was condemned to death by the Supreme Court of India in 2004.
While the sentence was booked to be completed on 20 October 2006, the imminent action on his mercy appeal brought about him staying on death row. He likewise took the disputable choice to force President’s Rule in Bihar in 2005. In 2007 Kalam left the presidency and was superseded by Pratibha Patil, the nation’s first lady president. A P J Abdul Kalam authored a few books, including biography, Wings of Fire (1999).
Among his various honours were two of the nation’s most noteworthy distinctions, the Padma Vibhushan (1990) and the Bharat Ratna (1997). On 27 July 2015, Kalam went to Shillong to give a lecture on “Creating a Livable Planet Earth” at the Indian Institute of Management.
While climbing a stairway, he encountered some distress, however, had the option to enter the auditorium after a brief rest. Just five minutes into his talk, he collapsed. He was hurried to the close by Bethany Hospital in a critical condition; upon the arrival, he did not have a pulse or some other indications of life. Despite being admitted in the ICU, Kalam was confirmed dead of a sudden cardiac arrest.
The Dr A P J Abdul Kalam National Memorial was built in memory of Kalam by the DRDO in Pei Karumbu, in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. It was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in July 2017. The replicas of rockets and missiles which Kalam had worked with are on the display.
Acrylic paintings about his life are likewise shown alongside several representations portraying the life of the mass leader. There is a sculpture of Kalam in the passageway giving him playing the Veena. There are two other smaller sculptures of the leader in sitting and standing posture.